While much of the world is waiting for a possible Russian invasion of Ukraine, India is keeping a cautious silence. As a result, India is unlikely to take an openly critical stance on Russia’s actions towards Ukraine. Unlike China, India has not criticized NATO or commented on NATO expansion as a pretext for Russian action. India’s refusal so far to criticize the aggressive nuclear power for Russia’s invasion of Ukraine suggests that India, while unhappy with Russia’s overtures to Pakistan, is not ready to give up its close ties to Moscow.
On the aggressive side of nuclear power, Russia seems to believe it can develop relations with Pakistan without damaging its longstanding economic and political partnership with India. India now sees China, which is increasingly diplomatically backing Russia and buying more Russian energy and now wheat, as the biggest threat to India that can only be countered with the help of the Americans. India needs both Washington and Russia to contain China, which is encroaching on its borders and gaining influence from its neighbors. Both its longtime rivals, Pakistan and China, appear to be on Russia’s side, and India believes Russia has the leverage to change China’s hardline stance on the border issue.
By denouncing Russia for its continued land, sea and air offensive against Ukraine and backing tough US sanctions against Moscow, there is a certain risk that India will irritate a trusted ally and supplier of materials. connections with China.
It remains to be seen whether the US can force India to turn against Russia by publicly condemning Russia’s actions in Ukraine and cutting close economic ties. India can feel the influence of international opinion on Russia and adjust its position accordingly. With what India sees as walking a tightrope, a more neutral stance on the Russian-Ukrainian war could have long-term negative consequences for India’s relations with its democratic allies. The EU, the US, and of course Ukraine. India does not want to undermine India’s longstanding relationship with Russia by trying to control it, but an invasion of Ukraine would also be a disaster for its strategic interests.
For years, India has manipulated its close relationship with Russia, a lasting legacy of the Cold War, and an increasingly close relationship with the United States, which sees India as a key partner in its U.S.-China strategy to counter the rise of China. India’s sympathy for Russia, and Russia’s support for India, dates back to the early decades of the Cold War, when the United States often sided with India’s arch-rival Pakistan on issues including the disputed region of Kashmir. In the past, India has relied on Soviet support and Russia’s veto in the UN Security Council’s Kashmir dispute with longtime rival Pakistan.
In the run-up to the Russo-Ukrainian war, India chose to abstain from a critical vote at the UN Security Council meeting, which would allow the UN to resolve the Crimean crisis and provide member states with a forum to criticize Russia’s handling of Ukraine. The UN Security Council is likely to vote Friday on a draft resolution condemning Russia for invading Ukraine and demanding an immediate and unconditional withdrawal of troops from Moscow, a senior US administration official said.
As an emerging power aspiring to great power status, including a permanent seat on the UN Security Council, India has been remarkably calm on the issue of Russian encroachment on Ukraine’s sovereign territory. Notably, India remained silent when Russia invaded Ukraine and annexed Crimea in 2014, while India refrained from adopting a UN resolution in support of Ukraine’s territorial integrity. Turkey has criticized Moscow’s decision to recognize two self-proclaimed regions in eastern Ukraine as independent, but, unlike Western countries, has refrained from declaring any punitive action against the aggressive nuclear power.
The Western reaction to the annexation has resulted in severe sanctions that will prevent any country (including India) from doing business with Russia and potentially diversify Russian-Indian ties. The Ukrainian crisis is forcing India to join a coalition of countries opposed to Russian military mobilization.
India and Pakistan stressed the importance of reducing hostilities by Russia and Ukraine. New Delhi/Islamabad. India and Pakistan have stressed the importance of de-escalating Ukraine in the aftermath of the Russian invasion, carefully avoiding accusations of violence when nuclear-armed South Asian neighbors try to use multiple diplomatic threads, analysts say.
India expressed regret on Friday that the countries abandoned diplomacy but joined the United States in abstaining in a vote that would mark a change in India’s relationship with Russia in more than seven decades. NEW DELHI (AP) — India’s decision to abstain from a U.N. Security Council resolution calling on Russia to stop its aggression in Ukraine doesn’t signify Moscow’s support, experts say. Reflects India’s reliance on its Cold War allies for energy, weapons and support in conflicts with its neighbors. As a close friend of Russia and a key non-NATO member, Washington can take India’s statement of serious concern as a powerful message. Beleaguered Ukraine, meanwhile, has taken steps to strengthen Ukraine’s ties with the West by applying to join the European Union – a largely symbolic move so far that won’t let Putin Sit back, Putin has long accused the US of trying to pull Ukraine out of Moscow’s orbit around the US.